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LESSON 1 SAMUEL – DAVID BIBLE STUDY

Welcome to our Mailbox Bible Study Course. We trust you will enjoy these lessons as much as we did composing them. We are glad to be able to serve the Lord and you in this way. Many are being saved and helped through these simple Bible lessons. We suggest that you try to do one lesson each week; this will keep your interest in them active. This particular course contains twelve lessons on Samuel and David Bible Studies. Read through this lesson carefully and complete the answers to the lesson by clicking on this word here "LESSON AND TEST IN MICROSOFT WORD FORMAT" and then save it to your computer. Once you have answered all the questions in the test, attach the test questions or copy and paste them into an email addressed to email.bible.lessons@gmail.com with your name and email address and send it to us. We will then evaluate and return any corrections to you with your next lesson. On completion of the full course you will receive a beautifully presented certificate. Should you have difficulty opening these files or sending the email please let us know by return email. We suggest that you print these lessons and put them in a binder for future studies.

May God richly bless you as you proceed.
Your Instructor
Harold Smith

All Courses are copyright and may not be used as Courses without permission.
These lessons are used by the gracious permission of the author and publishers. Everyday Publications, Toronto, and R.E.Harlow. Copyright 1970  by R.E. Harlow


LESSON 1:  KING DAVID (Lessons in First and Second Samuel)

 

King David was one of the greatest men who ever lived. As a boy he looked after his father's sheep and learned to play music on an instrument. He loved God and wrote beautiful songs about the Lord. He was a brave soldier and a good king. You can learn important lessons if you study the story of King David. You will also see many beautiful pictures of our Lord Jesus Christ. Read the two books of Samuel carefully, also this book of Studies in Samuel. They will help you to know God better. The first 17 books of the Bible tell the story of the nation of Israel. The Books of Moses, Genesis to Deuteronomy, tell how God created the world and all men. Sin came in and God promised that a Saviour would come through the descendants of Abraham. In Exodus God brought Israel out of Egypt; in Numbers they reached the border of their new land Canaan. In Joshua, they drove out the sinful men who lived there. In Judges God gave leaders to Israel who saved the people from their enemies. For all these years God had been the great Commander of the people of Israel, Joshua chapter 5, verse 14 (5.14). The priests could learn God s will and tell the people what God wanted them to do. Still they wanted a king to rule over them like the other nations. The two books of Samuel tell about the first kings of Israel. A king has the right to rule over a nation, and to pass on his authority to his son. The Judges from Othniel to Samson were leaders of the nation but they could not give their authority to their sons. Samuel was the last of these leaders. Who wrote the books of Samuel? Samuel himself may have written the first part. He wrote in a book the rights of the new king, 1 Samuel chapter 10, verse 25 (10.25), and he may have written all the events of his own lifetime in 1 Samuel chapters 1-24. After he died, 25.1, others kept on writing about the history of Israel, for example, Nathan and Gad, 1 Chronicles 29.29. We can be sure that the Holy Spirit led them in writing these books that are part of the Holy Bible, 2 Timothy 3.16. The two books of Samuel cover about 120 years of the history of Israel. Samuel may have been born about 1090 years before Christ was born. David died about the year 970 B.C. We cannot say these dates are exact because all these things happened long ago. It is good for us to study these books because God is the same today as He was then. These things will help us to know God better. Samuel was born in the tribe of Levi. Years before this God had chosen Aaron, a descendant of Levi, to be high priest. Exodus 28.1. Only Aaron’s descendants were priests in Israel but all the rest of the tribe of Levi had special work to do in the tabernacle. Moses built the tabernacle so Israel would know that God was with them. We will read a great deal about Samuel in the first eight chapters, and more in chapters 9-24. We will see that he was a wonderful man of God. The most important person in the two books of Samuel is David who became king. The Bible tells more about David than any other man except our Lord Jesus Christ Himself. We will see that David was a picture of our Lord. In the books of Samuel we will also read of many other men and women. Some of them feared the Lord, some did as they pleased:

 

Hannah 

feared the Lord

Eli 

feared the Lord, but also feared his sons

Samuel

feared the Lord all through his life

Saul 

started off by fearing the Lord, but he became proud

Jonathan 

feared the Lord, but also his father Saul

Joab 

feared no one

Nathan

feared God, not man

 

As you study the 55 chapters of 1 and 2 Samuel you will see how the Holy Spirit teaches us these lessons. Read carefully and ask the Lord to help you understand. Do everything God tells you to do. Tell others about the truth that you have learned.

 

1 SAMUEL

1.   SAMUEL, chapters 1-8.

1.   How Samuel was born, chapter 1

2.   Samuel as a child, chapter 2

3.   God called Samuel, chapter 3

4.   Samuel’ s work as a man, chapters 4-7

5.   The people of Israel ask for a king to rule over them, chapter 8.

 

2.   SAUL, chapters 9-15.

  1. God chose Saul, chapters 9-12
  2. God refused Saul, chapters 13-15

 

3.   DAVID, chapters 16-31

1.   David lived with his father, chapters 16-17

2.   David lived with the king, chapters 18-20

3.   David ran away from Saul and lived in the hills, chapters 21-31, David spared Saul s life, chapters 21-26. The death of Saul, chapters 27-31

 
HOW SAMUEL WAS BORN, CHAPTER 1.

Elkanah was a descendant of Zuph, who was a Levite, 1 Chronicles 6.33-38. The Levites  were set aside to teach God s law to the people of Israel, Deuteronomy 33.10. The tribe of Levi had no land of their own. They lived in cities among the other tribes of Israel, Numbers 35.2. The family of Zuph lived for many years among the people of the tribe of Ephraim. The town of Ramah or Ramathairn-Zophim was about 1 5 miles west of Shiloh. Samuel lived there and was buried there, 1 Samuel 7.17; 25.1; 1.1-2. Elkanah had two wives, but only one of them had children. Women in Israel were ashamed  if they did not have any children. In the Law of Moses, a man who took two wives had to be fair to the sons of both wives, Deuteronomy 21.15-17. However it is not God s will for a man to have two wives nor to put away his wife and marry another. Moses  law allowed these things in  some cases, but from the beginning God did not plan it that way, Matthew 19.8. In the church, a man with two wives cannot serve as an elder or   leader, 1 Timothy 3.2, 12. Elkanah went every year to Shiloh to worship the Lord, 1.3-8. The tabernacle of Jehovah had  been set up at Shiloh, Judges 18.31. Eli was the high priest there and his two sons were priests. At the tabernacle Elkanah offered a sacrifice to the Lord. Part of the sacrifice was burned on the  altar for Jehovah, part of it was for the priests, and the rest for the family of Elkanah. Elkanah   gave more meat to Peninnah than he gave to Hannah, because Peninnah had children and she  gave some to them, verses 4-5.

 

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth and all the host of heaven. Genesis 2.1. Here the word host means a very large number of stars Later Jehovah led Israel out of Egypt  with all their hosts, Exodus 12.41. Jehovah was the Great Commander of the armies or hosts of  Israel when they fought with their enemies. Joshua 5.14. He is also the Lord of angels, 1 Kings 22.19; Psalm 103.20-21; Luke 2.13. God is called the Lord of hosts, or the Lord God of hosts,  about 260 times in the Old Testament. The first time is 1 Samuel 1.3. This wonderful name of  God teaches us that He is Ruler over all and has all power. He was also interested in the problems of Elkanah s family. Elkanah loved Hannah but his other wife made fun of her because she had no children. Elkanah thought she should be satisfied, but Hannah kept on praying for a son. The tabernacle here is called the house of the Lord, verse 7, or the temple. verse 9, but it was not the temple, which Solomon built many years later. Eli the priest feared the Lord but did not control his own sons, 2.22. Wicked women often came around the tabernacle and Eli did not keep them away. Hannah after the feast went to pray to the Lord for a little boy. She promised, if the Lord gave her a son, she would give him back to the Lord, 1.9-11. She would show that the boy belonged to the  Lord by letting his hair grow. This was the law for any man who wanted to serve the Lord for a  short time as a Nazirite, Numbers 6.2, 5. Samson was set aside to God as a Nazirite from the day  he was born, Judges 13.5. What happened to him when he failed as a Nazirite? Judges 16.17-21. Hannah s son would do better. But here she was still praying for God’s answer. Eli saw Hannah moving her lips but not saying anything out loud. He thought that she was drunk with too much wine, like many other women hanging around the place. Eli told Hannah she should stop drinking, but Hannah explained that she was praying to Jehovah, 1.12-18. When Eli the priest heard this, he asked the Lord to answer the woman’s prayer. Hannah believed that God would answer her and she was not sad any more. Hannah went back home with the family and after a while God answered her prayer. When her baby was born, she called his name Samuel, which means "Asked of God,” 1.19-20. Hannah looked after the little baby until he could eat ordinary food. Then Hannah took him to the tabernacle and gave. him to the Lord. She told Eli that God bad answered her prayer. Samuel was to live in the temple and serve the Lord as long as he lived, 1.21-28.

 

SAMUEL AS A CHILD, CHAPTER 2.

Hannah praised the Lord in the words of this song, 2.1-10. Her husband’s other wife had often made Hannah unhappy. She laughed at Hannah because Hannah had no children. Now it is Hannah s turn to be happy. She was happy in the Lord and now could laugh at her enemies, 2.1. There was no god like the God of Israel, 2.2. She told the proud people that God would judge  them, verse 3. God could change things at any time. He could make weak people strong, verse 4; and give food to those who were hungry, and children to those who had none, verse 5. He can give life and take it away, verse 6. He can make rich people poor and poor people rich, verses 7-8. The Lord made the whole world and it belongs to Him. Those who have good things should not be proud but should remember that they might lose them again. The song of Mary, Luke 1.46-55, is something like Hannah’s song. Hannah knew that the Lord would look after His loved ones and destroy wicked men, verses 9-10. The Holy Spirit led Hannah to say these words and she looked forward to the time when God s king would rule. Hannah did not know that her own son Samuel would anoint David to be king of Israel. Elkanah took his family back home, but little Samuel stayed in the temple and helped Eli the priest, verse 11 Even David fell into sin and we are still waiting for God to send His Son the Lord Jesus Christ to rule as King. Still even now, God is ruling this world from heaven and will surely look after His own people. We can learn a lot from the story of Hannah. She asked the Lord for a son, and kept on asking. When Samuel was born, his mother gave praise to the Lord. She also kept her promise and gave her son back to the Lord. If we pray for something according to God’s will, we should keep on praying. When the Lord answers our prayers, we should give Him all the praise. The Lord Jesus taught that we should not get tired of praying, Luke 18.1. We should pray and give thanks, Philippians 4.6.

 

The sins of Eli s sons, Hophni and Phinehas, 2.12-17.

The two sons of Eli were priests because they were in the family of Eli. They did not love the Lord nor obey His law. God told Moses that the priests were to have a part of the sacrifices that the people of Israel brought to Jehovah. The sin offering and the guilt offerings were for the priests. Leviticus 6.26; 7.1, 6. Large parts of the peace offering belonged to the priests. Leviticus 7.31-32: most of the meal offering was for the priest. Leviticus 6.14-16. The whole of the burnt offering was burned on the altar for Jehovah, but even then the priest received the skin of the animal, Leviticus 7.8. No one could eat the fat of a sacrifice or any animal. The fat belonged to Jehovah and the men of Israel had to burn it. What would happen to anyone in Israel who ate the fat? Leviticus 7.22-25. The sons of Eli changed the law of God by taking some of the meat while it was boiling in the pot. They forced the worshipper to give them meat with the fat. No wonder the people of Israel did not think the laws of God were important. We should be careful to do everything just as the Bible says, even when we do not understand the reason for the command. Men have always changed God's laws by doing things some other way, which they thought was just as good. This does not please God, and soon leads to other things that are still worse. Samuel was still a little boy, but he served the Lord in the temple. Every year his parents came at the time of the feast, and his mother brought him a little robe to wear. The high priest blessed Samuel's parents for lending their little boy to help in the work of the Lord, 2.18-20. Hannah had five more children. They stayed at home with the family, but Samuel lived in the tabernacle, 2.21. Eli was a good man but he was now very old and could not control his evil sons, 2.22-25. The people told Eli that his sons were committing sin with wicked women at the door of the tabernacle. Eli told his sons that God would punish them, but they would not listen to their father or turn from their sinful ways. Eli told them that they were sinning against God. There would be no one to help them when God judged them. God had already decided that they must die for their sins. Samuel was quite different from the sons of Eli. As his body grew bigger and stronger, he was learning to do what was right before God and men, 2.26. The Holy Spirit used these words about our Lord Jesus Christ also, Luke 2.52. Then God sent a man to tell Eli that He was going to punish his two sons, 2.27-36. Eli was a descendant of the high priest. God gave the priests many privileges, hut He also gave them a few rules. Eli did not stop his sons from taking larger parts of the sacrifices than God had given to them by law. This showed that Eli feared his sons more than he feared God, 2.29. God had promised that He would bless the family of Eli, but now He must judge them because of their sins. None of Eli s sons would live to be old men; while they lived they would have a great deal of trouble, verse 33. Both Hophni and Phinehas would die the same day, 4.17. God would raise up another priest who would really obey Him. God saw that young Samuel was going to go on and obey Him in all things. He would be with the king whom God was going to raise up for Israel. All of Eli s family would come to Samuel and ask for something to eat. God really looked far into the future and was thinking of His own Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

The Lord Jesus is both Priest and King. He is the only One who perfectly did God's will, but we can learn from Him. The Holy Spirit will help us to be more like the Lord Jesus.


TEST LESSON 1 - THE CHILD SAMUEL  1 Samuel 1 - 2

SECTION 1. MULTIPLE CHOICES

Read each question carefully; then, select the correct answer and mark it with a X.

1. Hannah was sad because -
(a) she had no husband; ..........................................................
(b) she had no children; ..........................................................
(c) she did not like the way she looked...........................................................

2. Hannah made a promise to the Lord that -
(a) she would no longer be sad if God gave her all she wanted;..........................................................
(b) if He gave her a son she would give him back to Him; ..........................................................
(c) if He gave her a son she would teach him God's law...........................................................

3. Samuel was born -
(a) and Hannah praised the Lord for giving her a son; ..........................................................
(b) but Hannah did not keep her promise to God; ..........................................................
(c) but he did what was evil when he grew up. ..........................................................

4. Samuel had to stay in the Temple -
(a) because his mother wanted him to do so; ..........................................................
(b) so that he could serve Hophni and Phinehas;..........................................................
(c) because he was to serve the Lord as long as he lived. ..........................................................

5. God had to judge Eli's family because -
(a) his sons despised and disobeyed the Lord;..........................................................
(b) his sons had placed a curse on Samuel; ..........................................................
(c) Eli thought Hannah was drunk. ..........................................................

TRUE (yes) or FALSE (no)

6. Elkanah and therefore Samuel belonged to the tribe of Levi. - TRUE ............. FALSE .................

7. Phinehas and Hophni loved the Lord and obeyed Him. - TRUE ............. FALSE .................

8. Eli the priest honoured his sons more than God. - TRUE ............. FALSE .................

9. The priests could eat the fat of the offerings. - TRUE ............. FALSE .................

10. Hannah gave birth to only one child. - TRUE ............. FALSE .................

Have you taken the Lord Jesus as your Saviour? ...............................

When? ...................................


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