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LESSON 1 - THE GOSPEL OF LUKE BIBLE STUDY
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LESSON 1 – THE GOSPEL OF LUKE
A LIFE GIVING TOUCH
The Coming of the Lord in the Gospel of Luke, by Leonard Sheldrake.
There are an unusual number of references to the coming of our Lord in the Gospel of Luke. Five chapters contain messages of our Lord concerning His coming in more or less length. The predominant thought seems to be His coming to establish His kingdom here in this world.
The very first reference to the coming of the Lord is in the first chapter. Speaking to Mary, His mother, the angel said, He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. Luke 1:32-33 (King James Version)
In about the middle of this Gospel, children of God are taught to pray to their Father in Heaven, “Thy kingdom come.” The last references to our Lord’s coming in Luke are in chapter 22. At the Passover our Lord said to His disciples, For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. Luke 22:16 (King James Version) and For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. Luke 22:18 (King James Version)
The prophecy in Luke 1 referred to the substance of Old Testament prophetic witness from David to Malachi. Through Ezekiel, God had said of the throne and crowns of usurpers in Jerusalem, I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and I will give it him. Ezekiel 21:27 (King James Version)
The reference to the drinking of the fruit of the vine when the kingdom of God shall come is to the law of the Nazarite in Numbers 6:20. And the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the Lord: this is holy for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Nazarite may drink wine. Numbers 6:20 (King James Version)
When the days of the Nazarite separation were ended and the hair of the Nazarite’s reproach was gone with the memorial of the complete and all-sufficient sacrifice upon the altar, then the Nazarite could drink wine. The present rejection and waiting of our Lord will end with His coming. The joy that should have been when He came to Bethlehem and to Jerusalem will be given to Him when He returns in glory. Then with unmixed admiration Jerusalem and Israel will sing, Hosanna! to the Son of David, Blessed is the King that cometh in the name of the Lord.
The first of the five chapters that deal at length with this subject of our Lord’s return is Luke 9:28-35.
And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James, and went up into a mountain to pray. And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering. And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias: Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him. And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing what he said. While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud. And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him. And when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept it close, and told no man in those days any of those things, which they had seen. Luke 9:28-36 (King James Version).
Here we have God’s own revelation of this coming kingdom. How transcendently blessed it will he!
First, there is the description of the “countenance” and “raiment” of the Lord. His countenance was altered and His raiment white and glistering. The glory of His person radiated in His countenance, and the glory of His majesty shone through His raiment. He was glorified. Then Moses and Elias appeared in glory and talked with Him. Moses with the precious death and burial: and Elias with the translation to glory in a chariot of fire. Moses, whom God Himself put to sleep and Elias who did not sleep at all.
Like those put to sleep through Jesus and those who do not sleep but are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord. These saints of the Heavens talked with Him. What exalted communion!
Beneath on earth, Peter, James and John were heavy with sleep. These like the remnant of Israel upon the translation of the Church. were in such a slumber that they did not know what was happening. So the earthly people will be asleep until the cloud of Jacob’s trouble brings them to their senses and God from Heaven reveals His Son to them.
There are two chapters in Luke’s Gospel where the coming of the Lord is spoken of as a master or lord coming to his servants. They are chapters 12 and 19. In the former, the master of the household leaves his servants and stewards in charge of all in his house. Each servant has responsibility in connection with his master’s other servants. A “faithful and wise steward” gives to others “their portion of meat in due season.” This is the qualification for rule in his house.
The steward so occupied when his lord comes will be blessed. Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. Luke 12:43 (King James Version).
The servants in the household, who are watching when the Lord returns “from the wedding,” will have the honour of being guests at His table. Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. Luke 12:37 (King James Version).
Perhaps this verse looks at the Lord all through this dispensation as preparing for the wedding, The One who saves sinners in this age is the Bridegroom. Those who are saved by Him form the Bride. The union of souls to Him is like the wedding. When the Lord comes, it is for “the marriage supper of the Lamb.” In that sense, He returns from the wedding for the wedding feast. All those who are His have already been married to Him. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God. Romans 7:4 (King James Version).
In Luke 19:11-27,
And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear. He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return. And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come. But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us. And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading. Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds. And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities. And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds. And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities. And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin: For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow. And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow: Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury? And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds. (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.) For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him. But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me. Luke 19:11-27 (King James Version),
the Lord is represented as journeying into a far country to receive for Himself a kingdom and to return. In this chapter, He leaves His ten servants to do business with His money in a country where His citizens hated Him (But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us. Luke 19:14 (King James Version).
The responsibility is not so much toward other servants as in Luke 12, but responsibility with the Lord’s “pound” that should be increased for His joy.
The Christian of this dispensation is not only a servant and a steward in the Lord’s house, he is also a responsible servant where the citizens of the country hate his Master, Each servant received the “pound,” They were all treated alike. In this parable there were no differences shown. This was not a case of ability but of grace, To trade for the Lord where He is rejected, each servant has received His money. The received portion could be increased as much as tenfold. The increase of this money decides the amount of authority each will receive in the kingdom.
It may be a matter of dispute what this “pound” represents. It is something that all true Christians possess. It is a possession that could be greatly increased. If this pound is used it will grow. To lay this pound up in a napkin or sweat cloth instead of using it, is to suffer loss at the cooling of the Lord.
The knowledge of God is something that the little children of God’s family share with the fathers. (I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the wicked one. I write unto you, little children, because ye have known the Father. 1 John 2:13 (King James Version).
And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. John 17:3 (King James Version).
This is a treasure that all true believers possess. All who know not God will be punished with everlasting destruction at the coming of the Lord. (In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: 2 Thessalonians 1:8 (King James Version).
The knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord is something that can be increased; it is something in which we may grow: But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and forever. Amen. 2 Peter 3:18 (King James Version). This admonition from our Lord through His servant Peter is in connection with the world in the last days when scoffers abound.
LESSON 1 A LIFE-GIVING TOUCH
LESSON TEXT - Luke 8:40-56
40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him. 41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house: 42 For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him. 43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, 44 Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. 45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? 46 And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me. 47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. 48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace. 49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. 50 But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. 51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden. 52 And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth. 53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. 54 And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. 55 And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat. 56 And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done. Luke 8:40-56 (King James Version).
MEMORY VERSES - John 11:40
Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God? John 11:40 (King James Version).
TRUTH TO BE EMPHASIZED - The Lord of Life has power over death. Death gives up its prey when it hears the voice of the Son of God.
A SUPPLIANT AT JESUS FEET (verses 40-42)
The shadow of death was hovering over the house of Jairus. His daughter of twelve years was at the point of death. In an agony of impatience, the father came to Jesus and besought Him to bring healing there. Jesus turned from the crowds to listen to Jairus’ urgent appeal. He was more interested in the cry of need than the favour of the crowds.
THE UNEXPECTED DELAY (verses 43-48)
On the way to the house of Jairus, the people thronged around Him and a distressed woman touched Him. She received instant healing, bore testimony to His healing power, and received from our Lord perfect peace and the word of comfort.
THE DISHEARTENING NEWS (verse 49)
The messenger from the house of Jairus brought sad tidings, “Your daughter is dead.” This was a real trial for the father’s faith, but if he had faith that Jesus could save from the grasp of death why could He not save out of the jaws of death? The servant did not think so. Now that the child was dead, they supposed He could do nothing. It was hopeless!
A WORD OF CHEER (verse 50)
The flickering light of faith was fanned into a flame by the word from Jesus, “Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole.” We have faith embedded between the prohibition to fear and the obligation to hope. Faith bars the dark shadow of fear and opens the window to a bright future.
A CHALLENGE TO POWER (verses 51-53)
When Jesus entered the home of Jairus He flung out the challenge to death and met with the scorn of the hired mourners. He spake no unkind word to them but put them out. Our Lord changed the dread word “death” to “sleep” and He had come to waken the girl from the slumber of death.
A TOUCH OF LOVE AND POWER (verses 54, 55)
How the moral glories of our Lord are manifest in all His actions and the tender compassion of His heart of love! Compassion brought Him to the house of Jairus; consideration kept out a curious crowd. Compassion led Him to take the girl by the hand, consideration gave the comforting command to give her something to eat. How great was His power — He spoke and she arose; how tender His love — the touch of His hand and the sound of His voice were the first impressions of the new life.
One thing we learn in all our studies in the Word is that our faith must be in the Person of the Lord and in nothing else. All power is vested in Him. He exercises that power in grace, and faith is the link between our souls and Him — the avenue by which His power is realized.
TELLING THE LESSON STORY
The people in the Decapolis, on the east side of Lake Galilee, could not get rid of Jesus fast enough, but the people back on the west side in Galilee were eagerly waiting His return. One man in particular was anxious for Him to hurry back. He was Jairus, a president of the synagogue, one who arranged for the speakers in the synagogue. He had likely seen Jesus cast out the demon and heal the man with the withered hand in the synagogue. Now his only 12-year-old daughter was so sick that they expected her to breath her last any time. The doctors had shaken their heads and said there was no hope. Jairus was desperate. He wondered if that new Teacher, Jesus, who seemed to perform miracles of healing, could help his daughter. The religious rulers did not believe in Him, but his daughter meant more to him than religious rulers.
When he heard that Jesus had returned, he threw discretion to the wind and came to Jesus, urgently pleading with Him to come and heal his daughter. He was in dead earnest. He showed great respect f or Jesus and he had a little faith in Him, but not as much as his friend the centurion had, who believed that only a word from Jesus was enough (7:7-9). Jairus begged Jesus to come to his house. So Jesus set off with Jairus and the crowd followed, pressing on Jesus until He was almost suffocated. He was not able to move very fast. Jairus worried and fretted in his mind, wishing Jesus would hurry. Then there was an interruption that stopped them.
In the crowd was a woman who had been bleeding for 12 years. She had spent all her savings on doctors, but none had helped her. She heard that this new Teacher Jesus had cured all kinds of diseases. She too was just as desperate as Jairus. According to God’s law her ailment made her religiously unclean and she was unable to take part in religious activities or enter the temple (Lev. 15:19-33).
19 And if a woman have an issue, and her issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put apart seven days: and whosoever toucheth her shall be unclean until the even. 20 And everything that she lieth upon in her separation shall be unclean: everything also that she sitteth upon shall be unclean. 21 And whosoever toucheth her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even. 22 And whosoever toucheth anything that she sat upon shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even. 23 And if it be on her bed, or on anything whereon she sitteth, when he toucheth it, he shall be unclean until the even. 24 And if any man lie with her at all, and her flowers be upon him, he shall be unclean seven days; and all the bed whereon he lieth shall be unclean. 25 And if a woman have an issue of her blood many days out of the time of her separation, or if it run beyond the time of her separation; all the days of the issue of her uncleanness shall be as the days of her separation: she shall be unclean. 26 Every bed whereon she lieth all the days of her issue shall be unto her as the bed of her separation: and whatsoever she sitteth upon shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of her separation. 27 And whosoever toucheth those things shall be unclean, and shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even. 28 But if she be cleansed of her issue, then she shall number to herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean. 29 And on the eighth day she shall take unto her two turtles, or two young pigeons, and bring them unto the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 30 And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for her before the Lord for the issue of her uncleanness. 31 Thus shall ye separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; that they die not in their uncleanness, when they defile my tabernacle that is among them. 32 This is the law of him that hath an issue, and of him whose seed goeth from him, and is defiled therewith; 33 And of her that is sick of her flowers, and of him that hath an issue, of the man, and of the woman, and of him that lieth with her that is unclean. Leviticus 15:19-33 (King James Version).
She was a religious outcast because of her sickness. She believed that if she could just touch Jesus’ clothes that would be enough to heal her. She could do this unseen in the crowd without having to expose her sickness and ask Him to heal her. She may have thought there was something magic about Jesus’ clothes. From behind, she pushed through the people until she could reach the fringe on His coat. She stretched out her hand and touched it. Praise God! She could feel she was healed at once.
Then she was startled to hear Jesus say, “Who touched Me?” Everyone said, “Not I.” The disciples reasoned with Jesus, “Master, the crowd is pressing You and yet You ask, ‘Who touched Me?’” Jesus said, “Someone touched Me, for I know that power went from Me.” Jesus knew who it was all the time, but He wanted the woman to come out in the open and confess what she had done, so He could tell her how and why she was healed.
How little the woman knew who Jesus is! She thought she could escape unknown, not realizing that He is the omniscient God who sees and knows everything. He knew all about her trouble, her faith in Him and her ignorance about Him. He “saw” her pushing through the crowd behind Him and “saw” her touch His coat. She must not leave thinking that there was some magic in His clothes. It was He who healed her because He knew her need and saw her faith, teen though it was not very intelligent.
When the woman knew that she was caught, she trembled with fear and fell down in front of everybody and told Him all about herself and that she was healed. Jesus said, “Daughter, be comforted. Your faith has made you well. Go away in peace and don’t worry.” Of course, as Jesus said (v. 46), it was His power that healed her. He knowingly sent out His power that healed her. Her faith just made her in the right attitude for Him to heal her.
All this time Jairus was impatiently waiting. Did not Jesus realize that his daughter might die before He got there? Just as he feared, while Jesus was talking to the woman, someone came from home and told him it was no use bothering Jesus anymore. His daughter was dead. Jesus overheard this and said, “Don’t be afraid. Just believe and she’ll be all right.” Then they went on to Jairus’ house.
Jesus did not let any of His disciples go inside with Him but Peter, James and John. What a commotion they found in the house! Real mourners were crying and wailing; the hired mourners were playing mournful flutes and wailing their dirge—typical of an eastern funeral.
Jesus said, “Stop your weeping! She’s not dead but sleeping.” They all burst out laughing in ridicule at Him. They knew she was dead. Jesus was not fooling when He said she was sleeping. That is what the Bible calls death for those who are going to be raised to live again. Jesus knew He was going to raise this girl to live again. God says saved people who die “sleep in Jesus” because they are going to be raised to live again. (For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 1 Thessalonians 4:14 (King James Version). The unsaved who die, though, are going to be resurrected only to be judged by Jesus at the great white throne and then cast into the second death that is eternal.
And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. John 5:29 (King James Version).
And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. Rev 20:14 (King James Version).
Jesus put all these people out and allowed only Jairus, his wife, Peter, James and John to stay with Him. Then He took the dead girl’s hand and said, “Young girl, get up!” She was really dead, but her spirit came back into her body and she got up at once and was hungry. Jesus told her mother to give her something to eat. Jairus and his wife were stunned. They really were not expecting this outcome. Their faith was not very strong, though they had turned to Jesus as a last resort.
Isn’t it good that it is not our faith that saves us? None of us would be saved if it depended on our faith. Both the woman and Jairus, though, were in desperate need and acknowledged it. They knew they couldn’t do a thing to help themselves. They were hopeless if Jesus couldn’t or wouldn’t help them. That’s just the kind of people Jesus is looking for -people who from the depths of their beings honestly say, “I’m lost, Lord, save me!” These are the sick and lost that Jesus came to save. Since He does all the saving, those with little faith are saved just as surely and eternally as those with great faith and understanding of Him and His work. Though great faith in Him gives Him great joy, yet His power to save is not limited by our faith. The woman and Jairus’ daughter were made just as well as the centurion’s servant, though his master had great faith. God says we are all dead in sin unless we have been born again. (And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; Ephesians 2:1 (King James Version).
We don’t need to be twelve years old to be dead in sin. We’re born that way. If you know for sure that you’re a dead, hopeless sinner, don’t wait to work up the right kind of faith. Just cry to the Lord to save you. He’s waiting for that cry from you for He wants to save you.
Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. 1 Timothy 2:4 (King James Version),
For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. Romans 10:13 (King James Version).
TEST - LESSON 1 – THE GOSPEL OF LUKE
Write an X in front of your answer next to the TRUE and FALSE questions, and fill in the missing words in the spaces:
1. Jesus will rule on the throne of David forever. _ True __False
2. Jarius’ daughter was healed before she died __ True __False
3. Jesus was interrupted on His way to Jarius’ house __ True __False.
4. Jesus knew who touched Him before He asked. __ True __False.
5. Jesus will keep the Passover with Israel in the kingdom to come __True __ False
Fill in your answers with the blank spaces with CAPITAL LETTERS
6. All who ____not ____ will be _______ with everlasting _______.
7. The ________leaders ______not _________ in Him.
8. But grow in _____ and the _____of our Lord.
9. He ____________sent out ____power that ..he ---
10. She ______out her ______ and touched ______
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Updated May 2012 by Shelly Allen