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LESSON 1 – THE BOOK OF ISAIAH BIBLE STUDY
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LESSON 1: THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
How to Study the Book of Isaiah
1. Read the whole book of Isaiah through if possible, do not stop to think about the meaning this first time.
2. Read chapter 1.
3. Read the notes in this book about chapter 1 without looking up the references to other verses in different books of the Bible.
4. Then read one verse at a time and the notes about that verse, and look up every verse reference in your Bible.
5. Make a note of any verse, which you still do not understand. Perhaps you will find the explanation later.
6. Make a note of any verse, which you think is precious. Tell someone else about it.
7. Ask the Lord to help you understand, and praise and thank Him for every new truth, which you learn.
8. Go on to the next chapter and study it in the same way.
9. After a few chapters, stop and look back over what you have been reading.
10. Continue this study until you have finished the entire book of Isaiah.
Isaiah the son of Amoz was a Prophet of God. The Holy Spirit spoke of Isaiah in the New Testament and called him "the prophet" eleven times. Three more times He said that Isaiah prophesied." There are other prophets of God in the Bible, from the time of Enoch to the two witnesses of the future, Jude 14 and Revelation 11:3. God called Abraham a prophet and Jacob prophesied by the Spirit about the future, Genesis 20:7 and 49:1. Moses, Samuel, and David are called prophets, Acts 2:30; 3:22-24 and 7:37. However, the word prophets are often used for the men who wrote books as led by the Holy Spirit. The Lord has preserved their writings for us in the Old Testament of the Holy Bible. Some of these record the history of the kings of Israel and Judah, 1 Chronicles 29:29 and 2 Chronicles 9:29. The six books from Joshua to 2 Kings (excepting Ruth) are called the earlier prophets. Sixteen prophets wrote the messages, which the Spirit gave them. The books from Isaiah to Malachi are called the later prophets. The New Testament teaches that these books were inspired even though the prophets themselves did not always understand what they were writing, 2 Timothy 3:16; 1 Peter 1:10-11 and 2 Peter 1:21. The people often did not understand, but today we have the New Testament, which makes the writings of the prophets much clearer. Even so, there are some words and some verses, which are difficult and not all Bible teachers, agree on the meaning. The first four prophets are called Major Prophets because the books they wrote are longer. Each of their names contains the word Jehovah or God: - iah (Jah or Jehovah) as in Isaiah and Jeremiah; or el (God) as in Ezekiel and Daniel. The other twelve writers are called Minor Prophets; some of them have these letters in their names also: Obadiah, Joel, and Zechariah. Their books are shorter but equally part of God's Word. Isaiah does not tell us much about himself, but a great deal about God and Christ. We do read about:
The Prophetess, 8:3
We also know the time when Isaiah prophesied; it was while four kings were ruling over Judah in Jerusalem: Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, 1:1. It is important to know about the acts of these kings because Isaiah had a good deal to say about the people they ruled over. We can read about the kings in the books of 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles.
He was also called Azariah. He became king at age 16 and lived after that for 23 years. The king loved farming but he had a big army of 307,500 men, who defeated the Philistines, the men of Ashdod, the Arabians, and the Ammonites. When he became, famous he also became proud. He entered the temple, which was the privilege of the priests only. God punished him for this and he became a leper. From then on, he had to live in a separate house and his son ruled as king. When he died, Isaiah saw a vision of God in heaven, Isaiah 6:1. There was also a great earthquake during Uzziah's life, Zechariah 14:5. Jonah the prophet lived in the days of Jeroboam II, who ruled Israel while Uzziah was king of Judah, 2 Kings 14:25 and 15:1. God sent Jonah to Nineveh, the capital of Assyria and these Gentile people repented. Israel did not repent so God sent the Assyrians to invade Israel, 2 Kings 17:5.
KINGS AND PROPHETS
kings of judah
Prophets of Judah
Kings of Israel
Prophets of Israel
Uzziah reigned 52 years
Jotham 16 years
He became king at the age of 25 and ruled 11 years in all. Jotham tried to do what was right but he could not control the people. He built some cities and made some important repairs in Jerusalem. He also won a victory over the Ammonites but was attacked by Syria and Israel.
He was twenty years old when he was crowned as king, and ruled for 16 years. Ahaz was a wicked king and followed the customs of the kings of Israel and other nations around about. He made images of the false god Baal and burnt his children in the fire. God punished him by allowing his enemies to win the victory. The king of Israel killed 120,000 men of Judah in one day and took another 200,000 as prisoners. However, the prophet Oded advised the king of Israel to release these prisoners so they were set free again. Ahaz did not learn from this that he should trust the Lord. He took the money from the temple of the Lord and used it to buy off the king of Assyria. Then Ahaz made a big altar, a copy of a heathen altar, which he had seen in Damascus. This was used in the temple of God instead of the one, which Solomon had made and later Ahaz closed the temple itself. Isaiah tried to teach king Ahaz but without success, Isaiah chapter 7.
He began to reign when he was 25 and continued for 29 years. He was the best of the kings of Judah. He cleaned and repaired the temple of the Lord, brought sacrifices and commanded the people to do the same and to keep the Passover once again. We will read more about Hezekiah in chapters 36 to 39. The twelve tribes of Israel had divided long before this into two kingdoms, Israel and Judah. Elisha, the great man of God, had tried to keep the people and the kings of Israel from sin, but he died about fifty years before Isaiah's time. Israel worsened and finally God allowed the enemy to capture the nation of Israel and lead the people away as prisoners. God always looked on all twelve tribes as one nation and the fall of Israel must have had a great effect on Isaiah. This took place while Hezekiah was king of Judah. There were other prophets during Isaiah's time: Zechariah, 2 Chronicles 26:5; Amos, Amos 1:1; Hosea, Hosea 1:1; Micah, Micah 1:1 and Oded, 2 Chronicles 28:9. Of these Amos, Hosea, and Micah, all wrote books of the Old Testament. So did Jonah and another prophet called Zechariah who lived much later. So God did a wonderful work through the preaching of Isaiah. His book can still be a great blessing to us today.
The book of Isaiah is divided into three main sections:
1. Chapters 1-35
2. Chapters 36-39
3. Chapters 40-66
The first and third sections contain the prophecies of Isaiah but the second part is a historical record of what happened to King Hezekiah when the Assyrians tried to destroy his kingdom. Some teachers think that the third part is so different from the first that it must have been written by some other person, whom they like to call the second Isaiah. The third section contains some very definite prophecy about a future king of Persia who lived long after the time of Isaiah. These teachers ask how Isaiah could have known all about this person. We are sure God knows the future and He could tell His faithful servant if He chose. A prophet of God had named Josiah long before he was born, 1 Kings 13:2, and He could name Cyrus in Isaiah 44:28 and 45:1. We believe that the whole book of 66 chapters was inspired by God and written by His servant Isaiah. Isaiah's name is found twenty-one times in the New Testament and in 19 of these, the Holy Spirit repeats a verse from his book. Nine of these were taken from the first section, chapters 1-35; ten of them from the third section. What does this mean? The Spirit of God says that Isaiah was the author of both the first and the third section of this prophecy.
In most of these verses, the Scripture says that Isaiah was the prophet or that he prophesied. This is quite different from saying that someone made up these prophecies and tried to tell people that they were written more than a hundred years earlier by a true man of God. The New Testament never refers to as second Isaiah, or anything of the kind. There are still other passages in the New Testament, which indicate that both parts of Isaiah were inspired by God:
Another thing: Isaiah called God "the Holy One of Israel" twelve times in the first section, once in the second, and thirteen times in the third section. Yet this name of God is found only six times more in all the rest of the Old Testament. God's Name, the Holy One of Israel, is used mostly by Isaiah, and in both main parts of the book. So we believe that the entire book of Isaiah was written by a man of God who was inspired by the Holy Spirit to write God's Word. It was first for the people of his own day, but as the truth of God, it is of great, permanent value for us today also.
MICROSOFT WORD FORMAT OF LESSON AND TEST FOR - LESSON 1 – (Click on the "Microsoft Word" word in blue to choose this option)
TEST LESSON 1: THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
TRUE or FALSE
1. Isaiah was the son of Josiah - True: .......... False: .........
2. The books from Isaiah to Malachi are called the latter prophets - True: .......... False: .........
3. There were only four called major prophets - True: .......... False: .........
4. Isaiah's home was in Hebron - True: .......... False: .........
5. He prophesied in the days of Uzziah - True: .......... False: .........
FILL IN THE BLANK SPACES WITH THE CORRECT WORD/S
6. Uzziah became ......... he also became ..........
7. Ahaz was a ......... king and followed the ways of the ......... of Israel.
8. The ......... tribes of ......... were ......... into two .........
9. ......... was one of the ......... kings of Judah.
10. The book of ......... is ......... much in the new ..........
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Your name: ..............................................
Postal Address: ............................................
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Created by Harold Smith
Updated May 2012 by Shelly Allen