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LESSON 1 CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE STUDY

Welcome to our Mailbox Bible Study Course. We trust you will enjoy these lessons as much as we did composing them. We are glad to be able to serve the Lord and you in this way. Many are being saved and helped through these simple Bible lessons. We suggest that you try to do one lesson each week; this will keep your interest in them active. This particular course contains nineteen lessons on The Christ in the Old Testament Bible Studies. Read through this lesson carefully and complete the answers to the lesson by clicking on this word here "LESSON AND TEST IN MICROSOFT WORD FORMAT" and then save it to your computer. Once you have answered all the questions in the test, attach the test questions or copy and paste them into an email addressed to email.bible.lessons@gmail.com with your name and email address and send it to us. We will then evaluate and return any corrections to you with your next lesson. On completion of the full course you will receive a beautifully presented certificate. Should you have difficulty opening these files or sending the email please let us know by return email. We suggest that you print these lessons and put them in a binder for future studies.

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Harold Smith

All Courses are copyright and may not be used as Courses without permission Copyright 1990 R.E. Harlow Used by his permission ISBN 0-88873-426-3


LESSON 1 – CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE STUDY

Christians know that the New Testament teaches us about the Lord Jesus, His life and death,His work at present, His church and His Second Coming. The Old Testament also says many things about Christ and we should learn about them as well. We cannot hear too much about the One we love, the Lord Jesus. The Holy Spirit inspired God's servants to write the 39 books of the Old Testament, 2 Peter 1:21. The Spirit does not speak often about Himself, but much about Christ, as the Lord said He would do in the New Testament, John 16:14. All Scripture is for our benefit, 2 Timothy 3:16, and the Spirit teaches us that we should look for something about Christ in the Old Testament as well as the New, 1 Corinthians 10:11. The Spirit often used Old Testament verses in the New Testament. This helps us to understand both verses: the first in the Old Testament and the other in the New. We should ask, How does the Spirit explain these Old Testament verses? Read 2 Samuel 7:14. Would you think that this verse speaks about Christ? Jehovah promised David that He would be a Father to Solomon. Yet the Spirit was also thinking of Christ, as we know from Hebrews 1:5. Look at Hosea 11:1. Here again the Spirit in Matthew 2:15 shows that He was thinking about Christ in Hosea 11:1. The Lord Himself taught that the Old Testament has many things to say about Himself, Luke 24:27; John 5:39. In this book, we will look for teaching about Christ in two different forms:

 

  1. Promises In many verses God promised that He would send a Saviour for His people.
  2. Pictures We can also learn about the Lord by considering men or things, which in some way make us think of Him. Sometimes the Holy Spirit tells us about these pictures, but we can look for more ourselves. However, it is important that we do not build a doctrine on what is only a picture in Scripture. Often the Holy Spirit carried the writer on beyond his own experience and led him to write things, which could only be true of Christ Himself. We will study some examples of this and learn more about our Saviour. There are 39 books in the Old Testament in our Bibles and we will look for some promises or pictures in all of them.

GENESIS
The Sun In the beginning Jehovah God created the heavens and the earth, Genesis 1:1; 2:4. In the New Testament, we learn that this was God the Son, John 1:3; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2. God created two great lights in the sky, the sun and the moon, Genesis 1:14-18; Psalm 8:3. Christ is called the Sun of righteousness in Malachi 4:2, so the sun is a picture of the Lord Jesus. The sun was to rule the day. here is nothing hidden from its heat, Psalm 19:6. Christ will come as King to rule in righteousness over the whole world. He will come with great glory, and the sun is a picture of His glory in Matthew 17:2. Trees cannot bear fruit without sunshine, Deuteronomy 33:14, and the Lord helps and protects us in our daily life, Psalm 84:11. We may think of the moon as a picture of the church. God's plan is that it should give light to the world in this age of darkness before the Sun of righteousness comes to rule.

Adam
God made the earth all ready for man to live in. Then He created Adam out of the dust, and Eve from part of Adam's body, Genesis 1:27; 2:7,22. Adam is a picture of the Lord Jesus Christ, who is called the last Adam and the second Man, 1 Corinthians 15:45,47. Adam is the head of the human race, of all men. The Lord Jesus is the Head of all true believers. We are all born as descendants of Adam. All true believers are born again through the work of our Lord Jesus Christ. We have by our first birth the nature of Adam. By the second birth, we have the nature of God, and the Spirit is seeking to make us more like the Lord Jesus, Romans 8:29; 2 Peter 1:4. Again we can see Eve as a picture of the Church, the Bride of Christ. God put Adam in a deep sleep when He made Eve a suitable helper for him, Genesis 2:21,22. So the Lord Jesus went through the "sleep" of death so that God could prepare His Bride for Him. Christ loved the Church and gave Himself for her, Ephesians 5:25.


THE FIRST PROMISE

Satan took the form of a snake and lied to Eve. So sin entered God's new creation and He had to punish the sinners. But God promised Adam and Eve that they would have a son and he would crush the snake's head, Genesis 3:15. This is the first promise in the Bible that God would send a Man to defeat Satan and to save people from their sins. The Saviour has come and has gained the victory over Satan, Luke 4:13; 10:18; Romans 16:20; Revelation 20:2,10. In Genesis, we see how God chose men who would be the ancestors of the Lord Jesus Christ:

 

 

 

Genesis

New Testament

Adam had sons

Seth was chosen

5.3

Luke 3.38

Seth had sons

Enos was chosen

5.6

 

Enos had descendants

Noah was chosen

5.29

Luke 3.36

Noah had three sons

Shem was chosen

9.26

 

Shem had sons

Arphaxad was chosen

11.10

 

Arphaxad had descendants

Abraham was chosen

11:27; 12:2

Luke 3.34

Abraham had many sons

Isaac was chosen

17:19; 25:1-4

Hebrews 11:18

Isaac had two sons

Jacob was chosen

25.23;27.29; 28.3;35.10-12

 

Jacob had twelve sons

Judah was chosen

49.8-12; 1 Chronicles 5.1-2

Luke 3.33

 

So we see that God knew all things, which would take place. He chose in advance those through whom the Lord Jesus should be born and gave them these promises.


The Ark

The coming of the Son of Man will be like the time of Noah. Then and now, people eat and drink, get married, live their lives as they please, but never think about the judgment of God, Matthew 24:37-39. Then and now God sees the wicked hearts of men, Genesis 6:5; 2 Timothy 3:1-5. Then and now they pay no attention to the message which tells them how to be saved, 2 Peter 2:5; 3:3. The ark saved eight people from death when the Flood came, 1 Peter 3:20, and this makes us think of our Saviour. The ark was built according to God's plan and the Lord Jesus came in God's time and did just what the Father had arranged in advance. There was only one door in the ark, Genesis 6:16, and the same is true of heaven, John 10:7; 14:6. The storm of God's judgment is coming soon, Revelation 8:7; 16:21. It is good to believe the Gospel and accept the salvation, which God offers.


PROMISES TO ABRAHAM

God made many promises to Abraham:

  1. He would have very many descendants, like the dust of the earth, Genesis 13:16; like the stars of heaven, Genesis 15:5; like the sand by the seashore, Genesis 22:17;
  2. His descendants would possess, the land of Canaan, Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18; 17:8; 24:7;
  3. God’s covenant would be with them, Genesis 17:7,19.

Still more important, God promised that He would bless all the nations of the earth, in Abraham and his seed or Descendant, Genesis 12:3; 22:18. It is clear that the Lord Jesus descended from Abraham, Luke 3:34. Some Bibles speak about the descendants of Abraham, but the Spirit meant us to think about One, the Lord Jesus Christ. We know this from Galatians 3:8,16. Truly, God wants to bless people of all nations through our Lord Jesus. Abraham himself is a picture of the Father, who offered up His Son. He looked forward to the time of Christ, and rejoiced in what God was going to do, John 8:56.

Melchizedek
We do not think of Abraham as a great soldier, yet he bravely went up against four kings from the east with their armies. Abraham had 318 men of his own, and only three friendly chiefs. Yet they were able to defeat the four kings and save Lot and his family, Genesis 14:8-16. Abraham returned from this battle and Melchizedek came out to meet him. Melchizedek was the king of Salem and the priest of the most high God. In Israel, no man could be priest and king, but Melchizedek was both. He was a picture of our Lord Jesus Christ. Jehovah swore to the Messiah that He would be Priest forever in the order of Melchizedek, Psalm 110:4. Christ will also be King of Salem Jerusalem), and of the whole world. The Bible does not tell us anything else about Melchizedek, his father or mother, his birth or death. He was like Christ:

  1. He had (in the Bible) neither beginning of days nor end of life. And the Son of God was never created. No one followed Melchizedek as priest in the same order. In the same way, the Lord Jesus remains a Priest forever, Hebrews 7:1-3.
  2. Abraham gave Melchizedek one tenth of all he won in the battle. God commanded Israel to give one tenth to the priests of the tribe of Levi, who was the great grandson of Abraham. We see that Abraham was greater than Levi, and Melchizedek was greater than Abraham. So Christ is greater than any priest of the tribe of Levi, Hebrews 7:4-10.
  3. Melchizedek met Abraham after the war and the victory and gave him food and drink. We remember that the Lord Jesus met His disciples after they returned from a long trip preaching the Gospel and driving out many demons. They also heard that wicked King Herod had cut off the head of John the Baptist to please the women. The Lord called them to rest for a while, Mark 6:12-13,28,31. And He Himself is the Bread of life, John 6:35.
  4. Melchizedek received one tenth from Abraham, and the Lord is pleased to receive our gifts and offerings, 2 Corinthians 9:7; Hebrews 13:16.

TEST LESSON 1: CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

True or False

1. Christians know that the Old Testament teaches us about Christ - TRUE .................. FALSE ..................

2. The Spirit always speaks of Himself and not Christ - TRUE .................. FALSE ..................

3. God promised a Saviour but there are no pictures or types of Him in the Old Testament - TRUE .................. FALSE ..................

4. Even Adam was a picture of Christ - TRUE .................. FALSE ..................

5. Judah was a chosen son of Jacob - TRUE .................. FALSE ..................

Fill in the blank in the space provided.

6. The .................. of the son of .................. will be like the .................. of Noah.

7. .................. was only one .................. in the ark, and .................. is .................. one .................. to heaven

8. God .................. Abraham that his .................. would possess the ...................

9. Melchizedek was .................. of .................. and the .................. of the Most .................. God

10. Christ is .................. than any .................. of the .................. of Levi.


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Updated May 2012 by Shelly Allen